The rules for garbage separation and recycling are extremely serious in Japan. These rules might be confusing for the people who are new in Japan. The rules might differ from area to area in Japan. These rules are being decided by the administration of the city or even by the individual ward if the city is large. The information about the garbage rules is provided on the website, or even the information is given to the people who get themselves registered with the local government.
Various Categories of the Garbage
As per the garbage rules in Japan, the garbage is divided into various categories for better sorting and waste management.
The first category is of burnable garbage. Most of the garbage like food, loose papers, clothing, common trash, etc. Japan falls into this category.
As per the rules in Japan, people have to put all such garbage in a clear plastic bag so that it is visible for everyone. This is because if the garbage is not visible to the garbage collectors, they might not take it. There is also a possibility that the neighbors might also monitor your garbage so as to ensure that you are meeting the terms with the local norms.
The second category of garbage is non-burnable garbage which includes ceramics, metals, light bulbs, small electronics, aluminum foil, etc. Non-burnable garbage is picked up on specific dates only. The pickup dates can be checked with the building or apartment you live in or even with the local ward office.
The third category is of the recyclable garbage such as paper, cardboard, cans, plastic bottles, glass, batteries, etc. As per the rules, individuals have to sort and dispose of recyclable garbage in the correct containers.
The rules for the recyclable garbage is quite strict as it states that if there are too much paper and cardboard, then they should be tied up and then disposed of. Apart from this, the plastic bottles, cans, and glasses have to be disposed of in separate containers available at the collection point. All the cans and the plastic bottles have to be washed off before disposing of. Another thing which one should keep in mind is that before throwing the plastic bottles, the label has to be taken off as it comes in the category of burnable garbage and the cap has to be removed which is made of recyclable plastic.
The last category is of the large garbage which includes appliances. For disposing of the large garbage, one has to pay the extra money and get the pickup scheduled.
Reach Out to Collection Point
It is worth mentioning that in Japan the collection of a particular category of garbage is done on particular days and it is being listed at collection points. Some category of garbage might be picked up frequently while others might be scheduled on lesser frequency.
Every apartment or building has a dumpster where the garbage has to be disposed of. If the dumpster is not provided in the complex, then the individual might have to carry the garbage to the closest collection point. Usually, the garbage is disposed of at the collection points in the morning only.
Neighbors Keeping a Close Watch
It is extremely difficult to violate the garbage rules in Japan as it is monitored by the neighborhood itself. There are neighborhood associations which keep a close eye on the violators of the garbage rules and if they find someone doing that they might report it to the authorities or local ward.
Despite being a tedious job, garbage separation system in Japan has helped in the developing a comfortable living in Japan.